How to sheathe a house: facades of private houses
A wide variety of facade finishing materials produced by modern industry allows you to design the appearance of your private house to suit any taste and budget. How not get confused in all this variety and choose the most suitable material? To do this, you need to mentally “try on” one or another finish on your house: photos of the facades of private houses will provide invaluable help in this.
Cladding of the external walls of houses has been made by man since ancient times. At first, it performed only protective and insulating functions. Later, a decorative one was added to them. Today, it has already taken the first place in terms of importance, since the first two are implemented by applying additional coatings to the walls that protect against external influences and insulate the building.
According to the method of construction, facade coverings can be wet or dry. Wet coatings are applied with solutions and directly with the help of glue on the walls of the building. Dry types are mounted using various devices. They can be arranged on top of the insulation at any time of the year.
Depending on the location on the wall, there are ventilated facades and non-ventilated ones. The first type assumes the presence of a gap between the walls and the coating. This allows air to circulate freely in this space, drying condensate and moisture. The application of this type is primarily shown on a wooden house. The photo of the facades of private houses with a non-ventilated installation method allows you to see the absence of any gaps between the walls and the covering.
Depending on the material, you can design the used facades:
- special decorative plaster;
- facing bricks of various types;
- clinker facing tiles and ceramic granite;
- siding: metal, wooden or vinyl;
- stone: natural or artificial;
- facade cassettes;
- facade panels;
- sandwich panels.
Before choosing one of them, you need to study the properties of each type and choose the right one for your home. Photos of the facades of private houses made of such material can be viewed to more accurately imagine the appearance that will result.
Decorative plaster for facades
One of the oldest ways of decorating the facades of buildings is plastering. In ancient times, clay, gypsum, sand and mixtures were used for this. Today, the main components of this material are: cement, sand, gypsum and other additives, plasticizers. Modern technologies allow you to create decorative plaster textured with a surface. It can be painted with any dye and has a very beautiful decorative appearance.
The plaster mixture can be applied directly to the walls of the building or on top of the insulation using a special reinforcing mesh. Buildings covered with decorative plaster have a presentable and solid appearance. Disadvantages of the material can be considered: “wet” method of installation, low resistance to mechanical influences, and the need for periodic painting.
This is a brick produced in a certain way. There are several types of bricks for facing facades, both in terms of manufacturing technology and appearance. All of them are reliable and durable. Very beautiful and thorough-looking brick houses. The material has other advantages as well: low thermal conductivity, a wide selection of finishing options, excellent protection of walls from external influences, the possibility of creating a ventilated facade with insulation. There are not many disadvantages of brick: the high cost and laboriousness of creating brickwork.
Ceramic granite facing tiles of different types are artificial products of various shapes and sizes. Their fastening on the facade is carried out with the help of a solution. Clinker tiles are produced using the same technology as clinker bricks, ceramic granite is obtained by pressing a complex composition.
Houses lined with such tiles look very presentable. There is a wide selection of colors and design styles. This material is in the upper price segment, so it is not yet widely used in decorating the facades of private houses. The photo of the house with similar decoration impresses with its elegance.
This is a very common facade material. The reason for this is the comparative affordability of all its types. Siding is available: vinyl, wooden and metal. Each of its species provides a large number of variations, both in shape and color. Siding has the form of oblong panels, which can be both horizontal and vertical and fixed.
This material is mounted on the crate, thereby creating a ventilated facade. Vapor barrier and heat protection are made under it. The advantages include: ease and speed of installation, affordable price, maintainability. Disadvantages: fading in the sun (especially the vinyl version), insufficient strength (large hail can pierce or leave holes in the products). Siding companies can recommend which type of siding is best for your home
A very expensive version of the facade finish. The stone can be natural or artificial. The second one is a little cheaper, but at the same time it is more convenient to install. The material is attached to the mortar of the walls of the house. Stone-clad houses look very beautiful. Such a facade can serve for decades without major repairs.
Among the shortcomings, we can note: the high cost of the material itself and the installation work of such a facade, the insufficiently wide selection of stone colors. In this regard, artificial stones look more profitable than natural ones.
These are metal products of square rectangular shapes or different sizes. The metal can be simply galvanized or coated with polymers. The edges of each cassette are bent with a corner, which is used to fasten them to the guide crates. This material is very common when installing ventilated facades of apartment buildings, public and industrial buildings, and other large structures. Products can have practically any color, which allows you to create whole compositions on large walls.
The advantage of facade cassettes is a low price, the ability to choose any color, speed and ease of installation, the ability to create a ventilated facade with insulation. The disadvantages are the same as with siding.
It is similar to siding in its properties and material qualities. The difference lies in the form. Chimera panels come in different shapes and structures: under brick, under marble, under the stone. Due to their irregular shape, these panels do not form visible seams, which creates the illusion of solid brick or stone masonry.
The panels are attached to the same crate as with siding screws. There are no problems with the thermal protection device under this material. It is difficult to pass by such material at home. Photos of the facades of private houses covered with panels can be confused with photos of brick buildings.
This is a facade multilayer material. The panel is two metal sheets, between which we have a foamed plastic sheet with a layer of vapor barrier. This design allows you to create excellent sound insulation and heat protection. The material withstands very large temperature changes. Metal sheets are made of aluminum alloy, so they are resistant to corrosion. The outer layer is made for any texture: wood, plaster or just a matte or glossy painted surface.
This material can be attached to the crate with self-tapping screws or directly to the concrete or brick base with dowels. The products are connected with the help of grooves and ridges, which ensures a good density of the joints. It is necessary to treat the ends and joints with additional foaming to avoid freezing in the cold period.
Choosing the type of facade material is a very responsible matter. It is necessary to take into account not only the quality and cost, but also how it will look in the context of other buildings and structures. After all, a fence with brick posts, not a wooden fence, is best suited to a brick facade.