Dark spots and age spots can appear as a result of skin aging. They can be found on the forehead, hands or anywhere else. Melanin is responsible for the pigment in your skin. However, UV light or ultraviolet radiation can accelerate melanin production. The aging process can increase melanin production.
Age spots can also be called liver spots, sun spots, or liver spots.
What Causes Age Spots?
Too much sun exposure is the first and most important thing. Sunlight is beneficial for vitamin D, but too much can cause sunburn. You should shade those areas, such as the face and hands, from the sun.
Selenium deficiency can also be a cause. Selenium, an essential trace mineral, plays an important role protecting cells against free radicals. Raw Brazil nuts are an excellent source of selenium.
Another cause is a low potassium level. This can be prevented by eating potassium-rich foods like bananas and avocados. Healthy lifestyles will help improve any unwanted condition. Eat as many fresh fruits as you can and drink as much pure, filtered water as possible. Make a conscious effort not to eat processed foods, junk food, fast foods, sodas or sweets. Your doctor should check for age spots and dark spots.
Although age spots are generally harmless, it is important to have any changes in the skin’s appearance examined by a dermatologist. Age spots that are irregularly shaped, tender, or growing larger, for example, should be examined.
Another thing to watch out for is an unusual combination of colors. Age spots are characterized by dryness, roughness, and sometimes even thinning. A biopsy may be performed if your doctor is concerned that the darkened area is not an indication of age spots. A small amount of skin will be removed to check for abnormalities.
How to Naturally Treat Age & Dark Spots
Many people find age spots unattractive and want them to be removed. This is especially true if there is dryness, roughness, or even thinning at the spot. If you don’t want to be living with age spots, it doesn’t mean that you have to.
There are several options for removing age and dark spots:
- IPL (intense-pulsed lighting) is one way to remove age spots. It destroys the pigment and causes the spot to become darker and fall off within a week. Although it is painless, you may need to do up to four sessions in order for the best results.
- Cryotherapy can be used to treat single age spots and small groups of pigment-making cells. The liquid nitrogen is applied to skin to freeze the pigment-making cell, causing the spots’ flaking off. Multiple treatments might be required.
- A chemical peel is when a dermatologist applies an acid to the skin to remove the outer layer. This layer is removed and regenerated, and a new layer of skin will develop. The frequency and depth of the chemical peel will depend on how severe the spots are and what type of acid was used.
- Laser treatments utilize extremely high pulses to destroy melanin pigment and make it smaller so that the body can eliminate it naturally. It is painless and not dangerous, but it can cause hyperpigmentation.
- Prescription or over-the-counter bleaching creams. They are dangerous chemicals and can cause skin irritations. It can take several months for age spots to fade with bleaching creams. Your skin will become more sensitive to UV damage during this period.
Although some women may use cosmetics to conceal age spots, it is best to keep the product natural.